A Grey DEMATEL Integrated Approach to Determine Third Party Logistics Service Provider Selection Criteria
Ejder Ayçin, Ph.D.
Third-party logistics (3PL) services have seen significant growth in recent years as a result of playing a key role in supply chain management. The demand for 3PL service providers has increased as companies offer better service to their customers, lower costs and gain competitive advantage. This paper includes an application that will help determine the most important criteria in the selection and evaluation of 3PL service providers. The aim of the paper is to be able to determine the selection criteria of the 3PL service providers and the relationships between them, from the point of view of companies already using logistics services outsourcing. For this purpose, grey system theory and DEMATEL approach are integrated in order to describe uncertain and complex decisions with definite numerical values and determine the relations and importance levels between the criteria. The findings revealed interrelations between criteria and presented the most important criteria for 3PL provider selection. It is believed that the results of the paper will help the managers to propose a model that can be implemented with the selection criteria of the 3PL service provider.
Keywords: DEMATEL, Grey Systems Theory, Third-Party Logistics
Jel Classification: C44
Üçüncü Parti Lojistik Hizmet Sağlayıcı Seçim Kriterlerinin Gri DEMATEL Bütünleşik Yaklaşımıyla Belirlenmesi
Üçüncü parti lojistik (3PL) hizmetlerinin, tedarik zinciri yönetiminde temel bir rol oynamasının sonucu olarak son yıllarda kayda değer bir büyüme yaşadığı görülmektedir. 3PL hizmet sağlayıcılarına yönelik talep, şirketlerin müşterine daha iyi hizmetleri sunmaları, maliyetleri düşürmeleri ve rekabet üstünlüğü elde etmeleri gibi avantajlar sağladığı için artış göstermektedir. Bu makalede, 3PL hizmet sağlayıcısı seçimi ve değerlendirilmesi sürecindeki en önemli kriterlerin belirlenmesine yardımcı olacak bir uygulamaya yer verilmiştir. Makalenin amacı, lojistik hizmetlerini zaten dış kaynak kullanan firmaların bakış açısıyla 3PL hizmet sağlayıcılarının seçim kriterlerini ve aralarındaki ilişkileri belirleyebilmektir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda belirsiz ve karmaşık kararları kesin sayısal değerler ile betimleyebilmek ve kriterler arasındaki ilişkileri ve önem düzeylerini tespit edebilmek için gri sistem teorisi ile DEMATEL yaklaşımı bütünleşik olarak ele alınmıştır. Bulgular, kriterler arasındaki karşılıklı ilişkileri ortaya koyarak 3PL hizmet sağlayıcısı seçimindeki en önemli kriterleri ortaya koymuştur. Makale sonuçlarının yöneticilere, 3PL hizmet sağlayıcısı seçim kriterlerinin belirlenmesinde uygulanabilecek bir model önerisiyle yardımcı olacağı düşünülmektedir
Anahtar Kelimeler: DEMATEL, Gri Sistem Teorisi, Üçüncü Parti Lojistik
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Volume 6, Issue 2, 2018
Received: April 26, 2018
Accepted: Oct. 10, 2018
Published: Dec. 30, 2018
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